Using Aspirating Smoke Detectors for Coincidence & Redundancy Detection

Banner Image

Coincidence Detection

The principle behind coincidence?

Commonly known as “double knock”. Coincidence detection relies on alarm signals across two zones or between two detectors to activate before any evacuation/alarm occurs. In this instance, depending on the ASD specification, a detector or each pipe inlet can be used as a zone/address. Look at the table below to see which detectors can be used as a single zone or multiple zones/address.

Why coincidence detection?

Coincidence detection is often used for verification. This approach is generally used in conjunction with automatic suppression and sprinkler systems to avoid unwanted discharge which is expensive and leaves the application vulnerable until restoration of the fire detection system. It is also used in areas where unwanted alarms have unacceptable consequences.

ASD technology being used for coincidence:

Aspirating smoke detection systems can be used for coincidence detection. ASD systems have many advantages over standard point detection systems such as being high sensitivity and having the ability to configure pre alarm and alarm thresholds, meaning a coincidence (double knock) can be detected at any class sensitivity - A, B or C.

Redundancy Detection

What is detector redundancy?

It is a technique which uses two or more detectors to guarantee continuous protection if one detector malfunctions or is removed.

What are the benefits in using an ASD over a point detector for redundancy detection? In some cases, such as the requirements for smoke detection in areas where high value items are located, Class A sensitivity is the preferred choice. ASD’s are far more sensitive to the standard point detector. They can indicate smoke at a very early stage allowing for faster responses times.

The table below displays examples of coincidence and redundancy arrangements:

Description Arrangement Compatible ASD Advantages Disadvantages Example
Two independant aspirating smoke detection systems protecting the same area using separate pipework.

EF-ASD Aspiraiting Smoke Detector Pipe Layout

Example - EF-ASD1, 50m max per pipe with single 8mm hole @ Class C

EF-ASD1

Xtralis XCC

EF-LASD1

EF-FTP

Continuous protection if one system fails or is removed (redundancy detection)

Coincidence detection between the two independant aspirating smoke detection systems.

Duplication of equipment doubles the cost of the supply and installation.
  • Internet Hosting Centres
  • Nuclear
  • Control Rooms
A single aspirating smoke detector with two individual detectors sharing the same pipe network protecting one area. EF-ASD Aspiraiting Smoke Detector Pipe LayoutExample - EF-ASD1, 50m max per pipe with single 8mm hole @ Class C EF-ASD1 Detectors are duplicated for redundancy and coincidence. Shared pipe network and aspirating fan.
  • Call Centres
  • Large Office
A single aspirating smoke detector with two detectors which protects the risk with separate pipe networks. EF-LASD Aspiraiting Smoke Detector Pipe LayoutExample - EF-LASD2, 100m max per pipe with 3 holes @ Class A

EF-ASD2

EF-LASD2

Coincidence from independent sampling pipe networks and detector devices. Shared aspirating fan.
  • Call Centres
  • Large Office
A single aspirating smoke detector with individual addressable pipe networks protecting the risks. EF-FT15 Aspiraiting Smoke Detector Pipe LayoutExample - EF-FT15, 6 of 50m microbore pipes @ Class A. EF-FT15 can have a maximum of 15 pipes per system.

EF-FT4

EF-FT6

EF-FT15

Coincidence from independent sampling pipe networks and detector devices. Shared aspirating fan.
  • Large Houses
  • Shops
  • Server Rooms

For more information on aspirating smoke detection systems click here, alternatively, please do not hesitate to get in touch either by email to sales@eurofyre.co.uk, by telephone on 01329 835 024 or through our online enquiry form

 

 

 

 

Mark Redfearn

Posted by Mark Redfearn

Mark is the technical services manager at Eurofyre.

Sign up for the Eurofyre Newsletter