Fire Alarm Systems - Prisons

29th January 2018

Banner Image

A prison is a building used to house those who have committed a crime or are awaiting trial. Prisons are a place for confinement and are, therefore, used as punishment for illegal actions. There are many prisons located all around the world, some of which are at a higher security level than others.

Prison security levels are as follows:

Level 1 - Minimum Security Level 1 prisons are used to house inmates who have been convicted of non-violent offences.
Level 2 - Low Security Level 2 prisons are similar to level 1, however, they do house prisoners who have some history of violence.
Level 3 - Medium Security Level 3 security prisons house inmates in a facility that is surrounded by multiple fences, razor wiring and armed offices surrounding the premise. These prisons hold inmates who have longer sentences after committing serious crimes.
Level 4 - High Security Level 4 security prisons are the highest regular security prison and are used to house prisoners with a significant history of violence. They employ the same security surrounds as level 3 with additional gun towers and more officers.

Comayagua Prison Fire, 2012

In early February 2012, a fire broke out in Comayagua prison causing more than 350 fatalities and many injuries. The fire was initially believed to have been caused by a riot. However, no confirmed cause has been announced.

The prison itself was highly overcrowded which left prisoners living in cramped conditions; this would have made it hard for prisoners, visitors and officers to access exit routes in an orderly fashion.

As well as this, no secure fire detection system was believed to be in place, so we can only assume the combination of poor fire detection and overcrowding played a huge part in the devastation that occurred in Comayagua prison back in 2012.[1]

What are the Fire Risks?

There are many fire risks associated with prisons, some of which include:

  • Arson/Riots
    Arson in prisons can start from both inside and outside the premise with the most common cause of arson occurring through riots. Prison riots usually begin as a result of a group of prisoners acting in a disorderly manner in an attempt to force change and express their views.
  • Kitchens
    Kitchens and catering facilities are usually present in prisons and come with a variety of fire risks including; grease build up, open flames, electrical equipment, clutter and storage boxes.
  • Smoking
    With inmates and visitors accessing prisons each day there is an increased risk of fire from incorrectly extinguished cigarettes. If strict policies are not adhered to, a fire could easily be started.

The Importance of a Reliable Fire Alarm System in Prisons

With the many fire risks associated with prisons, it goes without saying that a fast, reliable and effective fire alarm system is crucial.

People visiting the prisons may not be familiar with the layout of the building and the evacuation procedures and the vast number of occupants and any one time can make evacuation difficult. Therefore, fast and reliable detection is paramount to provide enough time for prisoners, workers and visitors to evacuate safely.

Cost-Effective Solution

Eurofyre are proud, British manufacturers of specialist fire detection and associated safety products for industrial and commercial applications. They believe that their clients should have the flexibility to select their own fire alarm system maintainer and, therefore, offer an ‘open protocol’ solution, to give the owner full control over how the system is managed.

After all, a fire alarm system is a long-term commitment which requires frequent maintenance, repairs and testing, meaning the total cost of ownership should be considered to make sure the chosen system is cost-effective.

What are the Most Common Detection Types Used in Prisons?

Like in most applications, different types of area sometimes require specific types of detection.

Point Detection

In cells, point detectors may be:

  • Subject to vandalism;
  • can be damaged or removed;
  • be deliberately covered to prevent activation;
  • and provide a potential ligature point.

Therefore, point detection used in prison cells must meet very specific requirements, including being anti-ligature.

However, point detection can be safely used in public areas or private spaces such as offices and surveillance rooms.

Aspirating Smoke Detection

ASD

Aspirating smoke detection (ASD) is the most common detection choice for use inside prison cells. ASD uses a powerful fan and air sampling pipes to draw air from the area to be protected into a detection chamber. This method allows for detection chambers to be secured outside of the cell and therefore reduces the risk of being vandalised, tampered with or damaged.

What are the Most Common Systems Eurofyre Provide?

Eurofyre offer many types of fire detection systems, each of which can provide a reliable detection solution for applications like prisons. The most suitable systems for applications such as this are:

Aspirating Smoke Detection

EF-ASD1

EF-ASD1 aspirating smoke detectors are designed to compliment conventional and analogue addressable system technology, by combining standard field-serviceable smoke detectors with a stand-alone air-sampling solution.

EF-ASD1 detectors are the ideal solution for protecting prison cells from fire and are available with anti-ligature sampling points.

Analogue Addressable

Analogue Addressable

Eurofyre’s ProFyre range of analogue addressable fire alarm systems offer a complete, high-quality and reliable detection solution. The ProFyre Analogue Addressable fire detection solution is available in two versions:

ProFyre A2

ProFyre A2

Our ProFyre A2 fire alarm panel provides one or two loops and is well suited to medium-sized properties as it is designed for easy installation, setup and commissioning.

ProFyre A4

ProFyre A4

The ProFyre A4 fire alarm panel is fully expandable and is available with either one to four loops or four to eight loops. Each loop can accommodate up to 250 devices, meaning it is suitable for larger properties.

Conventional

Conventional

Eurofyre’s ProFyre conventional fire alarm systems provides a cost effective and fully featured detection solution that has been designed with ease of installation and commissioning in mind. There are two versions of the conventional fire alarm system available:

ProFyre c24

C24

The C24 fire alarm control panels are expandable as well as fully-featured and cost-effective. ProFyre C24 panels are best suited to medium-sized properties,are available in 8, 16 or 24 zone versions and provide a high-standard of quality and reliability that is easy to install, commission, maintain and operate.

ProFyre C8

C8

The ProFyre C8 fire alarm panel also offers a cost-effective and fully-featured conventional fire detection solution. It is well suited to small-sized conventional installations and is available in 1, 2, 4, 6 or 8 zone versions.

2-Wire Addressable Fire Alarm System

2 Wire

Eurofyre’s ProFyre 2-Wire Addressable fire alarm system provides all the benefits of an addressable system, with the simplicity of a conventional system and is well suited to small to medium-sized properties.


To find out more about any of Eurofyre's fire detection systems, please feel free to get in touch either by phone on +44 (0) 1329 835 024, by email to sales@eurofyre.co.uk or via the online enquiry form situated on our contact page.

Don't forget you can follow us on LinkedIn, Twitter, Facebook and Google+ or sign up to our newsletter (in the footer below) to receive all the latest information from Eurofyre.

Sources: bbc.co.uk

Michael Clatworthy

Posted by Michael Clatworthy

Michael is the sales manager EMEA at Eurofyre.

Sign up for the Eurofyre Newsletter